[JAMES I] (1566-1625). King of England.
Document with the Great Seal, 220 x 460 mm (9 x 18 inches) on vellum, in a clear chancery hand, dated at Westminster, 22 June, 11 James I . A complete and relatively clear impression of the Great Seal, attached to the document by the original vellum tag.
The document is a pardon of alienation for Andrew Bayninge, esquire in respect of a transaction between himself and Stephen Soame, Andrew Grey, and the latter's wife, Thomasina, relating to lands in Hingworth, Calcott and Ashwell, Hertfordshire.
Alienation was the transfer of a holding by sale rather than by inheritance. A licence was required from the lord, who would of course collect a fee. If the holding was from the Crown there were also licences and fees and fines for 'pardons'. The functions of the Alienation Office were eventually transferred to the Treasury.
Illustration shows both sides of the seal