[RICHARD III], letters, autographs, documents, manuscripts



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[RICHARD III] (1484-1485). King of England.
The original grant of the the lieutenancy of Guînes to Sir James Tyrell, dated 22 January 1485, 1 page folio (oblong) on vellum with the Great Seal intact. A fine and historically important document in excellent condition.
Sir James Tyrell (ca 1455-1502), royal counsellor, had been knighted by Edward IV in 1471 when fighting for the Yorkists at Tewksbury. He was soon in the service of Richard, duke of Gloucester, who employed him in several sensitive commissions. After Richard's accession he became master of the horse and of the henchment and played a role in the suppression of the rebellion of Henry Stafford, duke of Buckingham, for which he was rewarded with the stewardship of the duchy of Cornwall for life. When Tyrell was made lieutenant of Guînes (by this present document) he was specifically charged with fulfilling the post of controlling the Calais fortresses in person. He was thus out of the country when Richard was defeated at Bosworth, and was able to transfer his services to Henry VII.
[No: 22142]


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